New study from German Fraunhofer Institute Presents Advantages of Off Shore Wind for Green Energy

Dear friends

I have a new blog on my German blog: http://matthiasmichael.de/neue-studie-von-fraunhofer-offshore-wind-bringt-nicht-nur-wirtschaftliche-vorteile-reicht-das-fur-die-energiewende-in-deutschland/

 

Neue Studie von Fraunhofer: Offshore Wind bringt nicht nur wirtschaftliche Vorteile. Reicht das für die Energiewende in Deutschland?

Einleitung:
Von dem Fraunhofer-Institut gab es eine aktuelle Studie zum Thema Energiesystemtechnik. Ziel der Studie war es, die Vorteile Energiewirtschaft bei Offshore-Windenergie zu belegen. Die Offshore- Windenergie wird künftig ein Thema sein, wenn es um Versorgungssicherheit, Systemqualität und die Gesamtkosten geht. So sollen gute Kraftwerkseigenschaften bei der Technologie herausgefunden werden. Windenergieanlagen auf dem Meer haben den Vorteil, dass sie jede Stunde Strom liefern können. Die Betriebsstunden sind vergleichsweise hoch, als bei den herkömmlichen Kraftwerken. Die Offshore- Anlagen können an 340 Tagen Energie liefern. Auch die Erträge des Stroms können sehr gut vorhergesagt werden.

Vorteile der Offshore Windenergie:
Die Regelleistung dieser Anlagen ist deutlich besser als es bei anderen Erneuerbaren Energien der Fall ist. Dabei leisten sie einen guten Beitrag bei der Stabilisierung des Stromnetzes. Die Offshore Energie ist bei der Energiewende unverzichtbar. Denn sie weist eine Reihe an Vorteile auf. In den nächsten Jahren wird der Zubau immer mehr steigen. Es gibt seitens der Bundesregierung klare Vorgaben und Rahmenbedingungen. Die Studie wurde hinsichtlich der Machbarkeit, Funktionalität und Kosten überprüft. Ziel ist dabei das Jahr 2050. Alle drei Szenarien ergaben einen Endenergiebedarf von 80 %, allerdings in einer unterschiedlichen Zusammensetzung. Durch die Erneuerbaren Energien ist ein höherer Flexibilisierungsbedarf notwendig. Wenn viel Offshore- Windenenergie eingesetzt wird, sinken der Bedarf und auch die Kosten. Im Jahr liegen diese bei ca. 2,9 bis 5,6 Milliarden Euro. Bei anderen Szenarien mit einer hohen Onshore-Windenergie, liegen die Kosten deutlich höher. Auch Photovoltaik bleibt ein wichtiger Bestandteil. Denn dadurch gibt es auch positive Effekte. Ein Mix aus Energie von Offshore ist auf lange Sicht sehr günstig.

Aktuelle Entwicklungen:
Bei dem Hochseekraftwerk BARD soll die Offshore-Windenergie ab Anfang 2014 genutzt werden. Bei den deutschen Seehäfen liegt der Güterumschlag unter dem vom Vorjahr. Doch in Zukunft wird dieser wieder wachsen. Bei dem Containerumschlag haben sich die Terminalkapazitäten verändert. Zum einen sind die Energiekosten für Hafendienstleistungen deutlich erhöht. Aus diesem Grund bedarf es struktureller Veränderungen. Es haben sich Autoproduktionsstätten nach Osteuropa und Fernost verlagert. Auch in der Papierindustrie und Stahlindustrie gab veränderte Konsumentenverhalten, womit sich das Transportaufkommen auch dort verändert hat. Auch auf der Arbeitnehmerseite sind Veränderungen notwendig. Es geht dabei um den Erhalt von Arbeitsplätzen. In der Hafenwirtschaft wird sich eine Offensive bei der Qualität fortsetzen. Doch die Entwicklungen in der deutschen Seewirtschaft sind gut. Eine aktuelle Prognose besagt, dass sich der Güterumschlag bis zum Jahr 2030 verdoppeln wird. Denn momentan sind Kapazitätsgrenzen bei dem Hinterlandverkehr erkennbar. Aus diesem Grund sind Ausbaumaßnahmen bei der Seehafenanbindung notwendig. So können Wachstumschancen bei den Seehäfen genutzt werden. Die Mittel für den Neu- und Ausbau der Infrastruktur müssen deutlich erhöht werden. Bei dem Ausbau der Infrastruktur wird erwartet, dass der Schwerpunkt auf die Seeanbindungen gelegt wird. Projekte müssen bis 2015 gesondert ausgewiesen werden. Außerdem sollten die Nationalen Hafenkonzepte fortgeführt werden. Diese sollen bis 2015 besser verzahnt werden und müssen mit Finanzenbelegen hinterlegt werden. Um den Standort Deutschland zu stärken, muss ein Leitbild existieren und es sollte eine Zielvorstellung bestehen. Doch nach einer langen Planungszeit müssen immer noch Klarheiten über Baumaßnahmen zu verschiedenen Themen gemacht werden. Die gegenwärtige Erreichbarkeit der Seehäfen ist sehr wichtig. Denn momentan stehen die Fahrinnenpassungen der Flüsse Weser und Elbe auf dem Spiel. Dabei geht es vor allem um die Entwicklungschancen des Standortes Deutschland. Eine Sicherstellung des Nord-Ostsee-Kanals ist für Deutschland auch von sehr großer Bedeutung, denn es hier wird durch die Bundesregierung ein Ziel- und Maßnahmenplan festgelegt. Wenn es um das Thema Offshore-Windenergie geht, dann spielt die Energiewende eine wesentliche Rolle. Ein bedarfsgerechter Neubau und Ausbau der Hafenstruktur darf dabei nicht vernachlässigt werden. Aus diesem Grund muss die Bundesregierung aufkommende Mehrkosten in Kauf nehmen. In Europa zeichnen sich bereits die ersten Weichenstellungen ab.

 

Dr. Matthias Michael green energy marketing New York

Is Nickel Zinc replacing Lithium in the Future?

Do not put all your own ova in one basket, as they say. At this time, electrical and plug-in hybrid automobile builders are mostly steering towards lithium-ion batteries – in a variety of electro-chemistries – for his or her car as well as truck offerings. Apparently these companies are run by bettors, since there’s no guarantee that lithium-reliant batteries will pan out and be fundamentally of clean cars worldwide.

The potential risks are enormous for the whole thoroughly clean car industry. One unsuccessful car line due to lithium battery “issues” might provide the whole electric battery electric vehicle movement for an finish, to not recover for many years. “See, all of us said so!”, may say doubters of plug-in vehicles.

Those “issues” are no laughing issue and should be used significantly through all put in. Aside from security, as highlighted through Boeing’s Dreamliner Li-ion electric battery problem, along with the difficulty within acquiring this particular relatively rare metal, “issues” mainly revolve around cash, that is, the cost of individuals lithium-dependent batteries. In the event that costs do not decrease many fold, the vehicles, whose high costs tend to be decided their lithium-ion battery packs, may be sent to the actual graveyard of unsuccessful technologies. The issue associated with cost is dependant on the battery producers.

As the costs of producing Li-ion electric batteries are just known by the bean-counters as well as management of individual businesses, some of the costs are certainly related to the complexity as well as difficulty of production the actual batteries. And, together that be aware, production procedures are a closely safeguarded secrets and techniques, therefore you’ll find absolutely no detailed whitened document regarding exactly how and what processes are utilized through every manufacturer. Manufacture of cells should be extremely expensive, even if battery cells tend to be assembled within countries with really low labor expenses. Quite simply producing lithium-ion electric battery tissue isn’t easy and if it isn’t easy it will not be inexpensive no matter how inexpensive low experienced labor will get.

With hundreds of tissue for each lithium-ion battery power, expenses will stay high unless there is a few production development that enables enables tissue to become assembled within the blink of an eye almost totally by devices. We’ll understand whenever that breakthrough arrives when mobile prices drop.

It’s a small crazy to carry about an entire basket associated with ova waiting for the breakthrough. A fall may come anytime. Ahead thinking vehicle developers should be looking for battery alternatives – just in case. Zinc-air is really a chance as well as batteries are available in a commercial sense for testing. Yet, while some companies declare zinc oxide atmosphere biochemistry is electrochemically standard rechargeable, there doesn’t seem to be any kind of in the marketplace. An additional possibility is actually Thomas Edison’s preferred, Nickel-Zinc chemistry (patented very first within 1901). Gradually, along with enhancements since then, this particular electrochemistry has coming back to existence along with PowerGenix, associated with California, providing small AA and AAA sizes (with charger, however with larger car battery-sized units being constructed as well as tested including replacing NiZn inside a Toyota Prius because of its Nickel-metal hydride (NiMH) battery power.

Each Pennie as well as Zinc oxide are easily obtainable in the world and require no unique requirements on the production line (enough where electric batteries can be created along with existing equipment used for additional electro-chemistries.) The actual electric batteries won’t capture fireplace under any kind of circumstances. Further, the batteries are often as well as endlessly reused, something which can’t be said with regard to lithium-ion.

Should there be a drawback it’s less power and energy density and fewer current for each mobile compared to lithium-ion in addition to fewer times the actual electric batteries can be recharged. (Even individuals drawbacks tend to be arguable amongst battery specialists.) Nevertheless, at substantially less cost, around half, they’re really worth a glance. The electric batteries are more effortlessly compared with NiMH, but at less cost there too. PowerGenix believes it’s batteries are better suited to hybrids compared to plug-in electrics because of the commonalities within performance in order to Ni-mh batteries. Nevertheless, a few of the longest miles actually recorded within electric automobiles had been designed with NiMH batteries, so there you go.

Electronics Bus includes a good comparision of NiZn versus Lithium-Ion and other chemistries.

 

Dr. Matthias Michael green energy marketing blog New York

Cars and Social Networks

Car makers do not have anything to bother with. Their future is safe. The planet is a huge place. It is human population is overflowing. There will always be much more car buyers next year compared to this. Throughout the world car product sales are set to grow forever along with only minor hiccups using the periodic downturn in the economy. But that’s the global picture. Around the nationwide level the image differs, especially here in the actual Ough.Utes., the actual property associated with cars. Right here car sales are increasing due to suppressed demand as the economy drags by itself from it’s economic ditch. For the most part it’s Baby Boomers purchasing cars and trucks, not really it’s replicate era. Based on a study from the United states Association associated with Retired Individuals (AARP) and auto skillfully developed T.D. Energy, quickly Fifty right now account for a whopping 62.3 percent of recent vehicle product sales. 10 years ago those over 50 made composed only 40 percent. In 2011, Five.6 million vehicles had been offered to consumers over the age of Fifty, while only 1.Two million cars were sold in order to customers between the ages of Eighteen and Thirty four: The so-called Millennial era, Gen Y, the Boomer Replicate. General the two generations tend to be almost exactly the same in dimensions regarding 72 zillion surviving Boomers and 70 zillion from the Replicate. It isn’t straight age or the accrued wealth of Seniors that’s which makes them purchase vehicles and the Millennials not really. It is because for the first time in decades auto makers possess serious competition: The social networks. With regard to Boomers, possibly more than any other era in their younger years, vehicles had been a key ingredient inside a social life. Cars recognized whom you had been. Vehicles were standing. Those with cars experienced more fun. Cars permitted events, hanging out, getting together, working, connecting, romancing. Vehicles got individuals in to trouble. Now the connections, the system, is actually electronic. You shouldn’t have to be presently there physically because the only way to satisfy, chat, spend time and play. Most of the time the cyberspace of the Internet will do. The actual symbol of status these days is the newest smart phone or pill using the greatest applications. However it’s more than hooking up via web sites as well as computers small compared to help that is maintaining Millennials out of the car showroom and to the screen of the smartphone. It is sheer price. In money and common feeling, the world of car went too much. Vehicle ownership has got way too costly. Smartphone possession isn’t. Boomers, in their youngsters, could purchase a car or truck for some $ 100 (perhaps even much less) and fix this on their own. A brand new group of ignite plugs as well as points, a carburetor tune-up and also the vehicle vehicle was good to go until another issue resulted in. (Which was often.) People who couldn’t repair an automobile were built with a pal that could. For those along with actual skills a junker might be brought back to life, created fashionable as well. These days the serviceable car offers some 1000 dollars. Gas which was pennies the quart in Boomer early days is now dollars. Computer controlled engines and other equipment imply a trip to a shop for what could be a small adjustment. Vehicles tend to be more complicated today too. Within Boomer times air conditioning had been rare. Vehicles had manual steering, not assisted as well as placing a windowpane up and down was, typically, the turn of the turn. The cost of gas, intricacy, consumer electronics and amenities have not only put into the actual sticker price, but to the long term ownership of cars. On total price of possession alone the actual Millennials may be saying no thanks in order to cars as they keep a interested as well as suspicious attention around the getting older Seniors. “Why,” they think, “would anyone spend tens of thousands of bucks on this thing which manages to lose money the moment it simply leaves the dealership great deal, after that for years costs a lot more thousands in gas, upkeep, restore and service? Vehicle ownership appears type of silly. Their are other options to owning.Inch According to research at the end of 2011 through vehicle sharing service ZipCar:
• Fifty five % of Millennials possess actively made an attempt to drive much less, when compared with 45 % within the same This year study
• 78 % state having a car is tough because of expense of gas as well as maintenance
• Fifty three percent would take part in the car-sharing service, like flexibility and convenience continues to be essential
In order to Millennials as well, there is the clear connection between vehicles, ecological decay as well as worldwide political trouble. They are fully aware the ice hats are melting and car exhaust is actually adding. They browse the information on the internet and possess mentioned the immediate link between wars as well as oil. Car makers have been trying to attract more youthful buyers with the addition of features for example handsfree smart phone contacts. However older purchasers are nipping up the vehicles instead. Other forms of transport have previously realized this particular potentially seismic shift from vehicles. Airlines provide soaring Wireless support. Coach companies provide dramatically decreased costs and Internet connection on the road. Smart phone applications can announce when the subsequent city coach will appear. Altogether, the change from vehicle ownership coinciding with the retirement associated with Baby Boomers, might turn out to be world savers. Baby Boomers will not drive around once they retire. They‘ll look for much better gas mileage in their retirement vehicles. They will proceed to areas where driving isn’t important. They,too, may accept social networking as a means of staying associated with friends and family. Will Millennials, as they age, embrace cars the same as Boomers? Car businesses hope they do. If they perform the cars they’ll buy will be far cleaner and more effective than what Boomers grew up with.

 

Dr. Matthias Michael, green energy marketing New York